Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure used for the treatment of periodontal disease. The goal of this treatment is to ease inflammation in the gum tissue by removing etiologic agents such as dental plaque and tartar (calculus). It can be used as a treatment as well as a prevention measure for periodontitis.
Scaling and root planing treatments are only conducted after we have performed a comprehensive examination of your mouth. This will comprise a thorough visual examination, digital X-Rays to understand the current health of your gums and teeth prior to recommending this procedure of treatment.
Local anesthesia may have to be used during the procedure depending upon the amount of tartar present, the depth of the periodontal pockets, and the condition of your gums.
Scaling – This procedure involves a deep cleaning using special dental instruments such as an ultrasonic scaling tool. The purpose of the cleaning is to remove tartar and plaque from the root and crown surfaces of the teeth. After cleansing the mouth thoroughly, an irrigation process may be performed to introduce an antimicrobial agent below the gums, so that the growth of bacteria can be controlled.
Root Planing – This treatment serves to remove any cementum and surface dentin that is embedded with unwanted tartar, toxins and bacteria. The root of the tooth is planed and smoothed in order to promote appropriate healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces prevents colonization of bacteria in future.
After the deep cleaning is over, the gum pockets may be treated with antibiotics in order to help them heal and to soothe any irritation. We may call you for a follow-up appointment to examine the gums and to study how the pockets have healed.
For more information about the treatment of periodontal disease, please call us at (414) 462-3160.